A country of in depth history and culture, the Turkish Republic is country that occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe.
Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents. Because of this geographical location, the mainland Anatolia has witnessed the mass migration of diverse peoples, shaping the course of history. Home to countless civilizations, Anatolia has developed a unique synthesis of cultures, each with its own distinct identity, yet each linked to its predecessors through insoluble threads. As a modern nation in an ancient land, Turkey today is the inheritor and conservator of such an essential, shared heritage of humanity.
Turkey is also quite unique in that Turkish culture is a mix of Ottoman and western inﬂuences. While Turkish lifestyle is a vivid mosaic; mixed with the ancient and the modern, hospitality is a cornerstone of Turkish culture, and Turks believe that visitors should be treated as Guests sent by God.
There is no doubt that one visit will not be enough, and you will want to come back again and again as you discover one extraordinary place after another. All of them, no matter how diﬀerent, have one thing in common: the friendly and hospitable people of this unique country.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mostly on Anatolia, in Western Asia and on East Thrace in South-Eastern Europe. Besides being a unitary parliamentary republic, Turkey is a democratic, secular, constitutional country with a diverse cultural heritage. Although Istanbul is the most popular and populous city in Turkey, contrary to popular belief, Ankara is actually the capital.
|Offical Name of Country||Republic of Turkey|
|Government||Presidential System of Government|
|Population||80.8 million (2017)|
|Labor Force (Population)||31.6 million (2017)|
|Median Age||31.7 (2017)|
|President||Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|Coordinates||39° 55' North, 32° 50' East|
|Time Zone||GMT +2|
|Neighboring Countries||Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia|
|Major Cities (Population)||İstanbul (15.0 million), Ankara (5.4 million), Izmir (4.3 million), Bursa (2.9 million), Antalya (2.4 million) (2017)|
|Climate||Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters|
|Country Code Top-Level Domain||.tr|
|Electricity Voltage||220 V, 50 Hz|
|Currency||Turkish Lira (TRY)|
|GDP||USD 851 billion (2017-Current Prices)|
|GDP Per Capita||USD 10,597 (2017)|
|Exports Value||USD 157 billion (2017)|
|Imports Value||USD 234 billion (2017)|
|Tourism Revenue||USD 26.3 billion (2017)|
|Tourist Number||32.1 million (2017)|
|Foreign Direct Investment||USD 10.9 billion (2017)|
|Number of Companies with Foreign Capital||58,418 (2017)|
Home to the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Turkey's agricultural sector today is echoing the prosperity of ancient Mesopotamia. With its favorable geographical conditions and climate, large arable lands, and abundant water supplies, Turkey is considered to be one of the leading countries in the world in the ﬁeld of agriculture and food.
Turkey has a robust agriculture and food industry that employs almost 20 percent of the country's working population and accounts for 6.1 percent of the country's GDP in 2016. The sector's ﬁnancial contribution to the overall GDP increased 40 percent from 2002 to 2016, reaching USD 52.3 billion in 2016.
The strengths of the industry include the size of the market in relation to the country's young population, a dynamic private sector economy, substantial tourism income and a favorable climate.
Turkey is the world's 7th largest agricultural producer overall, and is the world leader in the production of dried ﬁgs, hazelnuts, sultanas/raisins, and dried apricots. The country is also one of the leading honey producers in the world. Turkey boasted production of 20.7 million tons of milk in 2017, making it the leading milk and dairy producer in its region. The country also saw production totals of 35.3 million tons of cereal crops, 30.3 million tons of vegetables, 18.9 million tons of fruit, 1.9 million tons of poultry, and 1.2 million tons of red meat. In addition, Turkey has an estimated total of 11,000 plant species, whereas the total number of species in Europe is 11,500.
This bountiful production allows Turkey to maintain a signiﬁcantly positive trade balance thanks to its position as one of the largest exporters of agricultural products in the Eastern Europe, Middle East, and North Africa (EMENA) region. Globally, Turkey exported 1,781 kinds of agricultural products to more than 190 countries in 2016, accounting for an export volume of USD 16.9 billion.
Turkey is looking to position itself as the preferred option for being the regional headquarters and supply center of top global players in the agricultural sector. To encourage investment in the sector, Turkey oﬀers a set of incentives for potential agribusiness investors.
According to McKinsey and Co., Turkey oﬀers signiﬁcant investment opportunities in agribusiness subsectors such as fruit and vegetable processing, animal feed, livestock, poultry, dairy, functional food, ﬁsheries, and enablers (in particular cold chain distribution, greenhouses, irrigation, and fertilizer).
As part of its targets set for the agriculture sector by 2023 Turkey aims to be among the top ﬁve overall producers globally. Turkey's vision for its centenary in 2023 includes other ambitious goals, such as: